Human Research Protection Program


Pace University Research Review System (PURRS)

Meet the IRB Team

Ethical Principles for Protection of Human Subjects

When investigators carry out research involving human subjects, the investigators are treating the subjects as a means to an end, rather than an end in themselves.  Consequently, there is an ethical obligation to protect the subjects’ rights and welfare.

The Pace University Human Research Protection Program (HRPP) is guided by the principles established by The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research of the U.S. National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.  The Belmont Report establishes three ethical principles for conducting research with human subjects: Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice.


Respect for Persons

requires potential subjects to be treated as autonomous individuals capable of making an informed decision about whether or not to participate in research, and includes safeguards for those groups with less autonomy, such as children, prisoners, and adults with diminished capacity to consent.


requires that any risks to subjects are reasonable in relation to the benefits to subjects and to society at large from the knowledge to be gained by the research.


requires that the risks and benefits of the research be distributed fairly.

Requirements for Human Subjects Research Oversight

Pace University has established a Human Research Protection Program (HRPP) to oversee the conduct of human subjects research by Pace investigators and ensure the protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects. The three components of the HRPP are the Pace Institutional Review Board (IRB), the HRPP communication program that provides education and training to investigators and others, and the HRPP auditing program.